In an attempt to test a sale, jewelry store managers often stop confusing inexperienced buyers by throwing around many jargons. While the people behind the counter know what they're talking about, it's often difficult for customers to continue. To help you judge and understand diamond engagement rings, we created a better cheat. The following are 22 engagement ring terminologies, explained in the simplest way.
Stone: The diamond or any other gemstone on the ring.
Band: The metal ring is usually made of platinum, gold or white gold.
Environment: The house where the stone is set. Engagement ring settings refer to rings without the center stone.
Cut: Rating of how a diamond reflects light. A diamond with a superior cut would sparkle more and thus become more expensive. Most gemological institutions (organizations that certify diamonds and other gemstones) have bumps or degrees.
Color: Refers to how colorless a diamond is. An expensive stone should have a perfectly colorless appearance, while inferiors often have a yellowish tone. Color is graded from D to Z. D-graded diamonds are colorless and most expensive while Z-stones have a noticeable yellow tone and are thus the cheapest.
Clarity: Diamonds often have imperfections. The inner imperfections are called inclusions and the outer ones called spots. Diamonds that do not have any inclusions or spots are called flawless. The clarity of a diamond is graded from FL (flawless) to I3, where inclusions are easily noticeable.
Carat: Refers to the weight of the diamond. As a reference, a single carat is 200 mg. While technically a measure of weight, carats are often used to measure the size of a diamond.
scintillations: Refers to the sparks when a stone is seen under the light.
Hallmark: Stamp of authenticity showing the quality and type of metal used to make an engagement ring. Hallmark stamps are made directly on the surface of the metal.
Unique: A diamond engagement ring that doesn't conform to any particular predefined style. In addition to having traditional designs, most jewelry stores have an extensive collection of unique engagement rings in the UK.
Multi Stone Setting: A setting (even rings without the stones) that has room for more than one stone.
Prong setting: Where the stone is held in place with 4 to 6 tips (small metal claws). With minimal metal around the bead, this setting makes the bead more prominent.
Tiffany Setting: A special 6 prong setting developed by Tiffany back in 1886.
Flush setting: This is a setting style where the diamond is hammered inside a hole in the metal strip. Only the upper surface of the diamond is visible in a coil setting.
Cluster Setting: Several diamonds are tightly grouped to create the illusion of a single large stone.
Semi-Mount: A ring without the primary stone but one that comes with secondary smaller diamonds and other colored gemstones.
Crown: The top part of the diamond that remains visible after the stone is set.
Pave: A type of semi-mount setting with several small stones packed tightly together to decorate the band.
Halo: A ring of small diamonds surrounding the middle stone. This makes the center stone look bigger than it actually is.
Baguette: One type of long rectangular cutter with clean perpendicular lines.
Patience: A ring with a single gemstone. A simple and classic style.
Handmade: Rings made by hand. These are more desirable because they are not mass-produced like those made using molds.